A Public Health Career in Environmental and Occupational Health
What Does an Environmental Scientist Do?
- Determine data collection methods for research projects, investigations and surveys
- Collect and compile environmental data from samples of air, soil, water, food and other materials for scientific analysis
- Analyze samples, surveys and other information to identify and assess threats to the environment
- Develop plans to prevent, control or fix environmental problems, such as land or water pollution
- Provide information and guidance to government officials, businesses and the general public on possible environmental hazards and health risks
- Prepare technical reports and presentations that explain their research and findings
How Do I Get Into Environmental and Occupational Health?
Where Do Environmental Scientists Work?
- State government, excluding education and hospitals — 24 percent
- Management, scientific and technical consulting services — 23 percent
- Local government, excluding education and hospitals — 12 percent
- Engineering services — 9 percent
- Federal government, excluding postal service — 6 percent
Why Enter the Environmental and Occupational Health Field?
- Environmental Sustainability: Promote analysis needed to ensure healthy water, food, air, consumer products and home environments, as well as understand the effects of environmental contamination and climate disruption on health worldwide.
- Infectious Diseases: Reduce the spread of disease and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria by improving food and sanitation systems.
- Occupational Health: Focus on the health and safety of workers across the country and around the world, while emphasizing vulnerable workers in the auto, construction and food production industries.
- Risk Science and Policy: Promote better public health choices by improving methods for translating scientific discoveries and using science in policy decisions.
- Social and Community Dimensions: Study the relationships between communities and environments in order to discover social factors that contribute to better quality of life and overall health.
Job Growth and Salary Outlook for Environmental Scientists
- Federal government, excluding postal service — $102,910
- Engineering services — $73,410
- Management, scientific and technical consulting services — $70,590
- Local government, excluding education and hospitals — $68,190